|Tyne & Wear Metro|
|File:Tyne and Wear Metro logo.jpg </span>|
|11 August 1980||Tynemouth||Haymarket||Whitley Bay, South Gosforth|
|10 May 1981||South Gosforth||Bank Foot||Fawdon|
|15 November 1981||Haymarket||Heworth||Monument|
|14 November 1982||St. James||Tynemouth||Monument, Wallsend and North Shields|
|24 March 1984||Heworth||South Shields||Pelaw, Jarrow|
|15 September 1985||Kingston Park|| || |
|16 September 1985||Pelaw|| || |
|19 March 1986||Palmersville|| || |
|17 November 1991||Bank Foot||Newcastle Airport|| |
|31 March 2002||Pelaw||South Hylton||Sunderland|
|11 December 2005||Newcastle Airport||South Hylton and St. James to South Shields|| |
|11 December 2005||Northumberland Park|| || |
|17 March 2008||Simonside|| || |
Since the opening of the Sunderland extension, Nexus found that the standard of service across the Metro network fell. This was mainly due to Network Rail stipulations requiring Metro services to be timetabled at least three minutes apart from the mainline trains at Pelaw and Sunderland. The stipulations mean that it is difficult for Metro services to run to a regular timetable.
As a result of the above, Nexus decided to reduce the number of mainline services between Sunderland and Newcastle from 36 per day to 22, this was effective from 11 December 2005. This allows Metro trains to run at evenly spaced 12-minute intervals throughout the day between Sunderland and Newcastle.
Poor patronage on Sunderland extensionEdit
The patronage on the section of the route between Park Lane and South Hylton has failed to meet targets. In 2004–2005 fewer than half the passengers predicted to use the service between these two points did so. In addition, passenger numbers have fallen on this section since 2003–2004. This has led Nexus to introduce a 50% reduction in services between Park Lane and South Hylton, again effective from December 2005. One possible reason for the lack of patronage is that there are only four stations on this section of route, therefore the vast majority of people living in Sunderland would have to first take a bus, then a Metro or mainline Train. The line also runs along the south bank of the River Wear, further limiting its catchment area. Park Lane's westbound platform is now used only for through trains to South Hylton. Those trains which terminate at Park Lane cross over onto the northbound platform for passengers to alight.
Corporate identity and liveryEdit
From the beginning, the Metro system employed a distinctive design and corporate identity, in part to distinguish itself from the decrepit rail system it replaced, but also to match the livery of the bus system then in use. The Calvert typeface, used for signage and in printed materials, was designed specifically for the Metro by Margaret Calvert. The corporate identity was revised in 1998, de-emphasising the Calvert font, and adding the word Metro to its M logo.
The Metro fleet was initially painted in a two-tone livery of cadmium yellow and white that matched the Metro station design of the time, as well as the livery of the Tyne and Wear bus fleet until 1986. In the mid-1990s a new colour scheme was introduced, with Metrocars painted solid red, green, or blue, with a yellow wedge at each end and yellow triangles on the doors. This scheme was modified slightly in 2005, in part to comply with safety regulations (the doors are now solid yellow). In addition, many Metrocars have carried full-body advertising. The initial prototype (no. 4001) has been repainted in its initial yellow-and-beige livery (see image above)
|This article or section contains information about planned or expected public transportation in the United Kingdom.
It may contain information of a speculative nature and the content may change dramatically as more information becomes available.
Haymarket Station renovationEdit
Further plans call for Haymarket station in Newcastle city centre to be renovated as part of an overall improvement of the site; it will include leisure and retail facilities. Renovation started in 2008.
Further coverage by the MetroEdit
In 2002 Nexus unveiled an expansion plan that would extend the Metro system by adding new sections using street running, this changing the Metro into a high-end tram system. Nexus argued that this would provide a cost-effective way to introduce rail service to parts of Tyne and Wear the current Metro services did not reach. The plan listed a number of routes, not all of which were to be built as rail lines; transitional bus services were envisioned that could be replaced by trams as demand increased. However, the original Project Orpheus has been abandoned, possibly because of the government's present "value-for-money" policies for public transport. This increased scrutiny has affected expansion plans for other light-rail systems such as Manchester Metrolink, where an expansion scheme was halted even after construction had begun. Critics have said that Government policies now overtly favour bus schemes. A Metro link to Washington failed to gain Government backing, despite the existence of substantial railway rights of way to both Pelaw and Sunderland; preliminary support was offered only to a guided bus scheme.
Doubling of single-track sectionEdit
Another project, to remove the last section of single track in the Metro system, between Pelaw and Bede, would cost around £12 million, and would allow freight trains to use the Metro infrastructure. Again, the Government has expressed doubts as to whether it considers this would be cost-effective. This however is included in a revised Project Orpheus. Along with the improvements to the current system, a Tyne and Wear Metro improvement and regeneration project is currently proposed with plans outlined in the Adobe external links document. As of 2005, there has been discussion of a public-private partnership to raise the funds necessary to modernise the Metro system.
Currently Considered suggestions:
- Tyne Dock to East Boldon along one of two dismantled railway alignments could easily be added, as only a short distance lies between two Metro lines. This provides a service from South Shields direct to Sunderland City Centre via the Whiteleas area of South Shields. Suggested by the South Tyneside Local Development Framework and reported by local newspaper the Shields Gazette in January 2008.
Among extensions proposed at various times, none of which is currently being considered, are:
- Washington, either via the disused Leamside Line or a new route. Present planning may lead to the Leamside Line being opened as a conventional passenger rail line instead. The government favours guided-bus service to Washington.
- Blyth & Ashington, running on existing little-used freight lines. Northumberland Park station is being built to provide a link to a potential new rail service to these communities; if opened, it will not be a part of the Metro system.
- Killingworth and Cramlington have been planned since Metro was on the drawing board, but would require widening of the busy East Coast main line to four tracks, which would be expensive, or a new alignment involving street running.
- The West End of Newcastle would require entirely new track involving tunneling and bridging in rough terrain; this would be very costly and is perhaps least likely to receive funding, though would probably have the highest potential ridership.
- Ryhope, in southern Sunderland, has been mooted as an extension using existing railway lines. This route is under criticism at present due to the further reduction in Northern Rail services that would likely have to follow.
Seaham - a proposal was drawn up by Tyne and Wear Passenger Authority to extend Metro southbound to Seaham. The suggested connection to Seaham would run on a section of the existing Durham coast line, south of Sunderland.
- Tyne and Wear Metro official website
- Nexus - Metro Operator home page
- TheTrams.co.uk Tyne and Wear Metro article
- Identifont - Characters of the Calvert font used on Metro signage
- Commissioning the Sunderland Direct extension in 2002
- ↑ Length of the track Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ Nexus Homepage Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ Modern Rail Transportation Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ The Metro as the first public Rail Transportation Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ May 2002 Sunderland Extension Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ Light Rail and Main Line rail combined Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ Extension to Newcastle Airport Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ Combined of Stations and Bus services Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ Increase in T&W Metro fares Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ Cost of Northumberland Park Metro station Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ Mine shaft collapse halts Metro Retrieved on 18 October 2007
- ↑ Usage of single and double cars Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ Route of Green Line trains Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ Route of the Green Line Trains Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ Smoking bans in Wallsend Retrieved on February 20 2007
- ↑ Michael Pinsky No smoking sign at Wallsend station Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ Classical music in some of its Stations Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ The crossing of Trains Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ Karlsruhe Models usage on UK Railways Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ History of Station openings Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- ↑ Haymarket Metro stations plans Retrieved on 20 February 2007
- List of rapid transit systems
- List of Tyne and Wear Metro stations
- London Underground
- Rail transport
UK light rail systems